Rotating Magnetic Field in 3 Phase Induction Motor

The induction motor rotates due to the rotating magnetic field in 3 phase induction motor, which is produced by the stator winding in the air gap between in the stator and the rotor. The stator has a three phase stationary winding which can be either star connected or delta connected.
 
Whenever the AC supply is connected to the stator windings, line currents IR, IY, and IB start flowing. These line currents have phase difference of 120o with respect to each other. Due to each line current, a sinusoidal flux is produced in the air gap. These fluxes have the same frequency as that of the line currents, and they also have the same phase difference of 120o with respect to each other.
 
Let the flux produced by the line currents IR, IB, IY be φR, φB, φY respectively.
 
Rotating magnetic field in three phase induction motor image
 
Mathematically, they are represented as follows:
 
φR = φm sin ωt = φm sin θ
φB = φm sin (ωt – 120o) = φm sin (θ – 120o)
φY = φm sin (ωt – 240o) = φm sin (θ – 240o)
 
It can be proved mathematically that these fluxes produce a rotating magnetic field in induction motor of constant amplitude and speed.
 

Speed of Rotating Magnetic Field

 
The rotating magnetic field in three phase induction motor (RMF) rotates at a constant speed called synchronous speed (Ns), which is given by,
 
NS = 120f1/P RPM
 
where  f1 = Frequency of stator supply
P = Number of poles of motor.

 

Direction of Rotating Magnetic Field

 
The direction of rotating magnetic field depends upon the phase sequence of the AC supply connected across the stator winding. If we interchange any two phases of the AC supply, we will get new phase sequence, then the direction of rotating magnetic field in three phase induction motor will reverse. It will start rotating in reverse direction and so does the rotor.
 
Since a stator and its winding of three phase induction motor is the same as that of a synchronous motor. So all above discussion about RMF in induction motor is same for RMF in synchronous motor.
 
 

Three Phase Induction Motor | All Posts

 

© http://www.yourelectricalguide.com/ rotating magnetic field in 3 phase induction motor.
Please share it to support me.

2 thoughts on “Rotating Magnetic Field in 3 Phase Induction Motor

  • October 14, 2018 at 9:42 pm
    Permalink

    After reading your post, you have a great website with interesting content. But I think you can improve your current google ranks by using https://t.co/vYet36AHyq My friend uses it and it works great. Just go https://t.co/vYet36AHyq , it’s very nice tool to bring you a lot of new readers on a daily basis. Keep up the quality work!

    Reply
  • October 16, 2018 at 12:26 pm
    Permalink

    Just wanna input on few general things, The website style and design is perfect, the subject material is rattling great : D.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *