A control panel is used to house instruments used for measurement, monitoring, protection, detection, control, and management of processes. For operational convenience, these panels are located in a control room as well as a field known as a local control panel.
Types of Electrical Control Panels
VCB Panel (HT Section): A Vacuum Circuit Breaker panel is a particular kind of circuit breaker in which arc quenching takes place in a vacuum atmosphere. These circuit breakers are used for loads above 500KVA. It is designed for HT voltages because it prevents acing and tripping speed is way greater than others. For medium voltage applications,
VCB technology is excellent. The technology for higher voltage is available to users, but it is not economically feasible. All VCB panels, including the 22 KV VCB panel, depend on the performance of the material used for electricity carrying connections, thus it is important.
PCC Panel: The Power Control Center Panel, also known as the Main Power Panel or PCC Panel, functions by combining circuits from many locations into a single central hub. It is made up of numerous covered parts connected by a common power bus, each of which has a combination starter that includes a motor starter, fuses or circuit breakers, and a power disconnect. This makes it possible to access all of an industry’s electrical connections from a single location.
One primary power switch in a PCC panel manages the electricity for every circuit. The entire electric supply may be momentarily shut off when the main Circuit Breaker switch is switched off. But there are times when you may need to control the electricity to particular objects or locations.
MCC Panel: A motor control centre (MCC) is a structure used to centrally regulate some or all electric motors. Because it can manage the motor from generation to production, it is particularly crucial in the field of energy. MCC panels are hence electrical control panels in LT panels.
It is made up of numerous covered parts connected by a common power bus, each of which has a combination starter that includes a motor starter, fuses or circuit breakers, and a power disconnect.
APFC Panel: An automated power factor control panel, or APFC, is used to increase power factor whenever necessary by turning the necessary capacitor bank units ON and OFF automatically. These panels can decrease operating losses and continuously sense and manage the load without error.
Operational losses are reduced with APFC panels. They are able to continually sense and control the load without error or lag time. They are simple to operate because each action is taken automatically. The concerned capacitors can be turned on or off by the panels to maintain a constant power factor.
PLC Panel: Small industrial computers called Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) are used to automate specialized control procedures. For any industrial, manufacturing, or production process application, it offers versatile, dependable, and reasonably priced automation control.
The physical control panel, remote control panel, and virtual control panel are all types of control panels. It can be used to carry out essentially identical tasks. Control panel operations can be carried out from a PC using the remote control panel and virtual control panel.
AMF Panel: In the event of a substantial loss of mains power or a complete blackout, automatic mains failure (AMF) convert the power to emergency standby generators. In the event of a power outage, it can be utilized with a diesel generator to automatically switch between the mains and generator.
In the event of a substantial loss of mains power or a complete blackout, it switches the electricity to emergency standby generators. Without AMF panels, generators must be manually operated, which may result in lost data, possible electrical equipment damage, and significant interruption.
VFD panel: The speed of the electric motor and feed pump can be adjusted using a variable frequency drive panel. They are extensively utilized in drilling, pumping, and other large machine applications, such as compressor and conveyor.
Every motor has a different frequency and voltage, so each one needs its own control panel to monitor and regulate them. Motor control and circuit protection devices are combined in an enclosure by a VFD control panel. Additionally, this control panel offers these gadgets defense against moisture, rust, dust, and other harmful elements.
Lighting DB Panel: Every construction project must include lighting distribution panels, which must be planned, manufactured, and installed in line with safety regulations. A free-standing enclosure, a bus bar system, MCCBs, metering and support equipment, and the necessary current transformers make up a lighting distribution board.
The low voltage power supply system is finished by the lighting distribution box equipment after the power control, protection, conversion, and distribution equipment. Mostly made of wires and components is the lighting distribution box including isolation switches, circuit breakers.
Motor Starter Panel: One of the key inventions for motor control applications is the motor starter panel. An electrical device known as a starter regulates the electrical power used to start a motor. These electrical devices are also used for the purpose of stopping, reversing and protecting electric motors.
To assist the power distribution to electric motors inside the industrial facility, an electric motor control panel combines drives, relays, switches, and transformers. Both low-voltage and medium-voltage situations can make use of these control panels.
Junction Box: It is a typical electrical box that connects two or more circuit cables or wires and is typically mounted to the structure of a building or home. Wire connections are enclosed in electrical boxes, often called junction boxes. They aid in preventing short circuits,
which can set fires off. The various varieties of electrical boxes, their components, and their uses are covered in this guide. They are available in a variety of sizes and forms to match your needs.
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