Prefix and Suffix in English Grammar

Prefixes in English Grammar


Meaning: not

Examples: asynchronous (not synchronous), apolitical.


Meaning: high

Examples: acrobatic (the performance of stunts while in flight in an aircraft), acrophobia.


Meaning: before

Examples: Antemeridian (Before noon), antecede, anteroom.


Meaning: Against, opposed to

Examples: anti-war (against war), antibody, antisocial.


Meaning: on its own or one’s own, by its own action

Examples: automatic (operating with minimal human intervention), autocrat, autograph.


Meaning: two

Examples: bicentric (having two centers), biannual, binoculars.


Meaning: with, joint

Examples: coauthor (joint author), coeducation, collision.


Meaning: contrasting

Examples: contralateral (on or relating to the opposite side (of the body), contrary.


Meaning: opposite, complementary

Examples: counteractive (opposing, neutralizing or mitigating an effect by contrary action), counteroffensive.


Meaning: beyond, out of scope

Examples: extrajudicially (beyond the usual course of legal proceedings; legally unwarranted), extraordinary.


Meaning: six

Examples: hexadecimal (of or pertaining to a number system having 16 as its base), hexagon.


Meaning: not

Examples: Impossible (Not capable of occurring), impatient.


Meaning: not

Examples: insane (afflicted with or characteristic of mental derangement), inappropriate.


Meaning: within

Examples: intragroup (occurring within an institution or community), intrastate .


Meaning: not

Examples: irresponsible (showing lack of care for consequences), irredeemable.


Meaning: very large in scale

Examples: macro instruction (a single computer instruction that results in a series of instructions in machine language), macro economics.


Meaning: used in combination to denote the middle

Examples: midafternoon (The middle part of the afternoon), midway, midterm.


Meaning: multiple

Examples: multibank (a bank holding company owning several banks), multimedia, multicoloured.


Meaning: not

Examples: nonacceptance (the act of refusing an offer), non-profitable, non-friction.


Meaning: for each

Examples: percent (a proportion in relation to a whole), permanent


Meaning: fake, false

Examples: pseudobulb (a solid bulblike enlargement of the stem of some orchids), pseudonym.


Meaning: again, a new

Examples: reaccept (consider or hold as true), reappraise, reawake.


Meaning: not

Examples: unorganized (Not having or belonging to a structured whole), unbelievable.


Meaning: up; “increase”

Examples: upward (spatially or metaphorically from a lower to a higher position).


Meaning: movement to advance (expert, better)

Examples: adulterate.


Meaning: across, beyond

Examples: transnational, transatlantic.


Meaning: before in time place or order

Examples: prelude, preadolescent, precondition.


Meaning: favouring, in support of

Examples: pro-african.


Meaning: half, partly

Examples: semifinal, semicircle, semiconscious.


Meaning: good, well

Examples: euphoria, euphemism.


Meaning: in front of

Examples: forebear, forecast.

Suffixes in English Grammar


Meaning: able to be

Examples: excitable, portable, preventable.


Meaning: pertaining to

Examples: cardiac, hemophiliac, maniac.

acity (-ocity)

Meaning: quality of

Examples: perspicacity, sagacity, velocity.


Meaning: act, action or process

Examples: product blockade, cavalcade, promenade.


Meaning: action or process

Examples: passage, pilgrimage, voyage.

-aholic (-oholic)

Meaning: one with an obsession for

Examples: workaholic, shopaholic, alcoholic.


Meaning: relating to

Examples: bacterial, theatrical, natural.


Meaning: pain

Examples: neuralgia, nostalgia.

-an (-ian)

Meaning: relating to, belonging to

Examples: Italian, urban, African.


Meaning: state or quality of

Examples: brilliance, defiance, annoyance.


Meaning: a person who

Examples: applicant, immigrant, servant.


Meaning: of or relating to, being

Examples: lunar, molecular, solar.


Meaning: a person who does an action

Examples: coward, sluggard, wizard.


Meaning: a person who

Examples: disciplinarian, vegetarian, librarian.

-arium (orium)

Meaning: a place for

Examples: terrarium, aquarium, solarium.


Meaning: of or relating to

Examples: literary, military, budgetary.


Meaning: state or quality of (adj.)

Examples: affectionate, desolate, obstinat.


Meaning: action or process

Examples: creation, narration, emancipation.


Meaning: tending to (adj.)

Examples: creative, preservative, talkative.


Meaning: act of killing

Examples: homicide, suicide, genocide.


Meaning: rule, government, power

Examples: bureaucracy, aristocracy, theocracy.


Meaning: someone who has power

Examples: aristocrat, bureaucrat, technocrat.


Meaning: diminutive (making something small)

Examples: molecule, ridicule.


Meaning: state, condition or quality

Examples: efficiency, privacy, belligerency.


Meaning: circle, wheel

Examples: bicycle, recycle, tricycle.


Meaning: condition of, state, realm

Examples: boredom, freedom, wisdom.


Meaning: belief, praise

Examples: orthodox, paradox.


Meaning: surgical removal of

Examples: appendectomy, hysterectomy.


Meaning: past tense

Examples: called, hammered, laughed.


Meaning: receiver, performer

Examples: nominee, employee, devotee.


Meaning: associated with/engaged in

Examples: engineer, volunteer.


Meaning: blood condition

Examples: anemia, hypoglycemia, leukemia.


Meaning: makes the word a verb

Examples: awaken, fasten, strengthen.


Meaning: state or condition, action

Examples: absence, dependence, negligence.


Meaning: condition or quality

Examples: clemency, dependency, efficiency.


Meaning: inclined to performing/causing, or one who performs/causes

Examples: competent, correspondent, absorbent.


Meaning: more

Examples: bigger, faster, happier.


Meaning: action or process

Examples: flutter, ponder, stutter.


Meaning: a person who does an action

Examples: announcer, barber.


Meaning: one who engages in

Examples: homeopath, naturopath, psychopath.


Meaning: feeling, diseased

Examples: sympathy, apathy, neuropathy.

Thanks for reading about “prefix and suffix in english grammar.”

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *