Losses in Induction Motor
The losses in induction motor are broadly categorized into two classes, namely constant losses and variable losses.
Constant losses in Induction Motor
These losses do not depend on the load hence they are known as constant losses. These can be further categorized as under:
- Core losses: These include eddy current and hysteresis losses in stator as well as in rotor magnetic core. Eddy current losses in rotor core are negligible since rotor current frequency is very small in the order of 0.5 to 2 Hz.
These losses of induction motor are constant since these depend upon voltage and frequency which is practically constant.
The hysteresis losses can be reduced by selecting a high permeability material for the core. The eddy current losses can be reduced by using the laminated cores instead of solid ones.
- Friction and windage losses: These losses are also constant losses as these losses depend upon the speed of the induction motor. The speed of the induction motor is approximately constant.
The no-load test is performed on induction motor to determine the constant losses in the induction motor.
Variable Losses of Induction Motor
- I2R losses in the stator winding.
- I2R losses in the rotor winding.
These losses occur due to the resistance of rotor winding as well as the resistance of stator winding. These losses are also called copper losses.
These are proportional to the square of stator and rotor currents respectively. As these currents depend on the load, copper losses vary with the change in load.
Hence these are known as variable losses. The blocked rotor test is performed on induction motor to determine the variable losses.
Three Phase Induction Motor | All Posts
- Three Phase Induction Motor Construction
- Rotating Magnetic Field in Three Phase Induction Motor
- Three Phase Induction Motor Working Principle
- Induction Motor Slip
- Torque Formula for Induction Motor
- Torque Slip Characteristics of Induction Motor
- Induction Motor Tests
- Starting Methods of Induction Motor
- Double Squirrel Cage Induction Motor
- Speed Control of 3 Phase Induction Motor
- What is a variable frequency drive?
- Autotransformer Starter Working Principle
- Thermal Overload Relay Working
- Induction Motor Equivalent Circuit
- Linear Induction Motor Working | Applications
© //www.yourelectricalguide.com/losses of induction motor.